Regions: Africa   Asia   Latin America

Name of Organization: Backward Society Education (BASE)

Country: Nepal

Project Title: "Awareness Raising of Ex-Kamaiya"

Project Timeframe: 14 months (Starting in June 2005)

Location of Project: Tulsipur, Tribhuwannagar Municipality, Tarigauun and Lalmatiya VDCs in Dang District; Neaplgunj Municiaplity in Banke District; and Khalnaga, Dhanbang, Garpa, Syanikhal and Lekhpokhara VDCs in Salyan District

Budget Amount: $41,500

NGO contact and website:
Tulsipur, Dang, Nepal
Phone: 00977-82-520055
Fax: 00977-82-520312

Project's Primary Objective: Strengthen formal and transitional education systems that encourage working children and those at risk of working to attend school, and Raise awareness of the importance of education for all children, and mobilize a wide array of actors to improve and expand education infrastructures.

Description of Organization: BASE was registered as a local NGO in CDO office Dang, Nepal in 1991. The NGO is affiliated with the Social Welfare Council. BASE is a mass membership organization with 35,000 members. The NGO has been working for the welfare and uplifting of poor and disadvantaged rural people, especially for the welfare of Tharu and disadvantaged communities of the mid-west and far-west regions of Nepal. During the last 12 years BASE has covered more than 700 villages of six districts (Dang, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali, Kanchanpur and Salyan). One of the main objectives of the NGO had been to liberate the Kamaiyas (bonded labor) from slavery of the Kamaiya system in Nepal. BASE has initiated peaceful movement for rights-based issues for non-formal education campaigns and human rights.

Description of Project funded by CIRCLE: The BASE CIRCLE project aims to reduce the number of child laborers by ensuring the fundamental child rights of children, such as education, awareness-raising and skill development. The following immediate objectives will also be sought by the project:
(1) Reduce the number of child laborers in the project areas through education; (2) Create social awareness for reduction of child labor and assure fundamental child rights through strengthening of child clubs/organization, social mobilization, campaigns; (3) Support child laborers by providing vocational skills; and (4) Renovate schools' infrastructure, teaching practices, and other facilities by mobilizing communities in school management for quality education.

To meet the above objectives, the BASE CIRCLE project will adopt certain strategic approaches:
  • Collection of Information, Documentation and Registration of ID card: BASE will develop a system of child labor tracking. The child laborer will be given a number and identity card from the municipality and VDC, and BASE will keep the records. To track the child, a good documentation system will be developed and maintained with continuous monitoring and updating of the child laborer's profile, which will help to get information on child labor practices. BASE will publish information on child labor trends and work to affect national policies. The project will share information via a website, and an e-news letter.
  • Flexible and Alternative School: This activity is aimed at school going age children who missed going to school from the beginning, or at those students who could manage only partial free time from their master's house. The children of ex-Kamaiyas and other children aged between 6-14 not attending school will be identified and they will be invited to participate into flexible or school programs; parents will also be involved. The government-approved curriculum will be followed. BASE will hire trainers from the government District Education Office (DEO). After one year of this program, the children who completing the course will be provided with scholarship support to continue their education. Stationary, uniforms, and bags will be provided to the enrolled children. 200 working children will be supported for one year.
  • School Infrastructure support: The project will support six schools of three project sites to improve the infrastructure such as furniture, room expansion, roofing support, and education materials in coordination and cooperation with Village Development Committee (VDCs), DEO and school management committee. Child laborers will be enrolled free-of -cost.
  • Social Mobilization for awareness raising: Social Mobilization processes will be used as key entry points at the village level.. BASE will organize awareness campaigns to create good environment with the government agencies to implement policies to reduce child labor. BASE will follow Tharu traditional system of BADHGHAR (indigenous name of the Tharu community). Annual community development plans discuss issues such as education, livelihood, health and environment as well as cultural protection promotion, festivity and social justice through the cultural aspects. BADGHAR can help to mobilize to the villagers and track to children for their regular education in the school.
  • Coordination and linkage for sustainability of the project: The project will be implemented in close coordination with government, international organizations, and local NGOs as well as with concerned stakeholders (parents, hotel association, chamber of commerce and local government and line agencies). It is expected that the anti-child labor government policies and regulations could be helpful for the continuation of sustainability of the project. For the continuation of children's education beyond the project period, BASE will negotiate with schools to provide scholarships and opportunities. Fund generation activities will be implemented on an experimental basis to fund child clubs/organizations.
After the end of this CIRCLE project, BASE expects the following outcomes:
  • Negative attitudes and behaviour of masters towards child laborers gradually reduced
  • Concerned stakeholders will have been awakened against child labor through social mobilization campaigns, audio visual, radio and other communication media
  • Three child clubs/organizations (200 children) created and strengthened
  • Parents change trends to support education. Working children empowered to raise collective voices for education, minimum wages, etc.
  • The government will take positive actions to follow internationally accepted rules and regulations in regard to child rights
  • The number of children enrolled in government schools increased
  • Infrastructure and other supportive facilities of school improved

Project Targets (Common Indicators):
Enrollment: 320
Persistence: 38%
Transition: 75% children are mainstreamed into government formal school and 25% ( age 15-18) working children in vocational skill education (VSE) center
Completion: 28%